Ethnobotanical Leaflets 14:1- 4 , 2010.
Plants used for Amenorrhoea and
Abnormal Menstruation Diseases
in Danta Taluka
N. K. Patel
Sheth M. N. Science
College, Patan -384265
Issued: January 01, 2010
present paper deals with species of flowering plants commonly used by
different Adivasi communities to cure amenorrhoea and abnormal menstruation diseases
and disorder. The cause of disease, its symptoms, and plant organs utilized
and methods of preparation of remedies are provided. Tribes associated with
specific remedial preparation have been mentioned, however, they may not be
always exclusive since Adivasi communities are widely distribution in Danta
Taluka and have considered communication with each other. It is hoped that
the present study will not only confirm earlier findings recorded in
literature, but also provide additional clues in this fields of vital
Gujarat State showing
the Danta Taluka
taluka is situated between 24° - 24’’ to 24° - 30’’ N latitudes and between
72° - 45’’ to 73° - 30’’ E longitudes. In the north it is bounded by Rajasthan State, in the south by the Mahesana
District, in the east by the Sabarkantha district and in the west by Palanpur
and Vadgam taluka. The total area of the Danta taluka is 86074.75 sq.km.
Danta taluka has 187 villages and forest area of 47941.97 hectare. Tribals in Danta taluka mainly
cast Adivasi which sub-tribes are Bumbadiya, Bhemiyat, Dabhi, Dhrangi, Gamar,
Kodarvi, Laur, Makvana, Parghi,
Parmar, Rohisa, Solanki and
Taral are main tribal group
inhabiting this area.
botany acts as a bridge between botany and tribal knowledge regarding
medicinal aspects of plants. India
is very rich in floristic diversity as well as in ancients folk literature
which may be tapped for information since all systems of medicine have their
roots, in one way of the other in folk medicines and house hold remedies.
Regveda and Atharvaveda, which dates back to 2000-1000 BC, and several post
Vedic treatise viz. Charak samhita (100 AD), Sushruta samhita (800-900 AD),
Dhanwantri nighantu (1200 AD), Raj nighantu (1600 AD) to name a few, are the
important ancient source of information on medicinal plants. The modern
ayurvedic and unani literature have further added to our knowledge regarding
During recent years, there has
been a wide concern to collect more and more ethno botanical information,
especially ethno medicinal Ethno botanical study is a result of study made by
Nath (1960), Jain (1968),Thaker (1926), Jain (1991), Shah et. al (1981),
Bhattacharya (1996), Nurani (1997),
Punjani (1997), Mitaliya (1998), Bhatt and
Mitaliya (1999),and Bhatt et al (1999 - 2000) (ANT, BHATT,. MITALIYA
AND PATEL). Such information provide clues for materials to be tested by
pharmacological and clinical researches, provide new distribution areas for
raw drugs and a broad base for interaction with other systems of medicines.
The total area of the Danta taluka is
86074.75 Sq.Km. Danta taluka has 187 villages. Forest
area is 47941.97 hectare, Irrigated area is 6670.05 hectare, Non-irrigated
area is 13975.74 hectare, Cultivated wasteland is 4588.69 hectare, non
cultivated wasteland 12858.60 hectare.
During present study the authors have
collected ethno medicinal information on 09 species of flowering plants from
ancient hand written scripts, tickets of herbaria and musea, local vaids
(physicians) and herbalists, forest officials and different tribal
communities in the taluka. The uses recorded by the authors. Voucher
specimens have been cited. Certain plants, however, find mention in ayurvedic
and unani literature and other medico-botanical writings as indicate in the
text, but the ingredients, methods of remedy preparation and prescriptions
are indivenous and need mention. It is hoped that this effort will not only
provide additional support to the earlier findings recorded in the
literature, but also provide clues for new materials having medicinal
potentially for traditional Indian system of medicine.
Materials and Methods
During the present works I have gone in
the various villages and forests area including hill and hillocks for
collection of angiosperm plants taxa. Good number of the trips where arrange
in connection of the season. During monsoon and end the frequency was more
because of good number of plant taxa were available in collection.
The collected plants were brought to
the laboratory, identified up to species level where ever it is possible and
then dried with customary method which was mounted on herbarium sheet and
The information data on ethno botanical
were collected through the dialogue and arranging night meeting with local
tribal and knowledgeable people of the villages. I prepared a questioner for dialogue which
tribal people which attach of each individual plants species in detailed and
make a temporary note which is converted into data bank is presented in the
thesis where ever it is applicable. It is my pleasure that each individual
local people have give me full support for collection detail of individual
plant species only because of the local and tribal people by arranging a
meeting with them. I have collected the information of various uses of plants
Each plant have been enumerated on the
basis of classification of Bentham and Hooker system.
Amenorrhoea and Abnormal Menstruation
Amenorrhoea failure to menstruate is
very common among women above the age of 35 years. Abnormal uterine bleeding
i.e., excessive menstrual scanty menstrual are also common problems. The
plants commonly used by adivasi to overcome these disorders are :
Local name: DUNGLI
Young bulbs are eaten in
excessive to start menstrution .
Local name : KIRMAR
Decoction of plant is very
popular among the bhils to regularize menstrual cycle and excessive bleeding.
Bambusa arundinacea (retz) roxb.
Local name : VANS
Decoction of young leaves is
used to clear uterus after child birth in village of Danta Taluka
Local name : GAJAR
Decoction of seeds is given to
regularize menstrution. It is
considered as much effective as the gum resin of commiphora wightl
Local name : KUVECH
Decoction of seeds is used to
regularize menstruation. It is also believed to increase fertility and
chances of pregnancy by the bhil and damor tribes.
Plant is cooked as vegetable
and given to ladies after child birth to clear the uterus .kathodi tribe also
consider it equally effective for syphilis.
Local name : MULA
Seed powder given orally for 1
week twice a day against irregular
menstrutice by the meena tribe.
Decoction of plant is given for
clearing the uterus after child birth by the damor tribe.
Local name : AJMO
Seeds are powdered and half or
one spoon is taken 2-3 time a day by
ladies suffering from scanty menstruation. High dose is believed to cause
abortion . it is also prescribed by the local vaidyas.
The authors are thankful to the notified and denotified adivasi
groups, their vaids, ojhas, bhopas etc.and forest officials who provided
valuable information on this subject. We are also thankful to the authorities
of various herbaria and museums for their help and co-operation extended in
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of Angiosprmic Plants
with Relation to Phytosociological &
Ethnobotanical Study of Danta taluka, Dist. Banaskantha", Ph.D.
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