Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 326-28. 2009.
Herbal Remedies Used in the Treatment of Scorpion Sting
and Snake Bite from the Malwa Region of
Dwivedi Sumeet 1*, Shrivastava Satyaendra 2, Dubey Darshan 3and Kapoor Shweta 4
*Corresponding Author: AG-184, Sch. No. 54
Vijay Nagar, Indore, M.P.-India (452010)
Traditional medicine has a long
history of serving people all over the world. Medicinal plants are an
important element of indigenous medical systems in
Key Words: Herbal medicine, Malwa region, tribals, scorpion sting, snake bite
Herbal medicine also
referred to as alternate medicine/traditional medicine, has been in use in
Scorpion sting and snake bite are
serious problems in tropical countries like
present survey was conducted in 5 study sites (
The herbal medicines used in scorpion sting and snake bite are discussed below;
For scorpion sting:
1. Achyranthes aspera L. (Chirchiri), family Amaranthaceae
Roots are crushed with 2 seeds of Caesalpina cristata (gatayan) and externally applied on sting part. A sarbat made by 20gm root of this plant with 5 Piper nigrum (kali mirch) is also effective.
2. Madhuca latifolia Roxb. (Mahua), family Sapotaceae
Dried fruits with leaves of Ipomea stramonium (beshram) made into paste and applied on sting part.
3. Martynia annua L. (Bichhu), family Pedaliaceae
Seeds about 5 gm, soaked in the water and made paste, applied 2-3 times externally on affected area.
4. Tamarindus indica L. (Imali), family Combertaceae
Make a small incision on the site of scorpion sting and place the cotyledon over it. If poison are absorbed the patient get relief.
For snake bite:
1. Eclipta alba (L.) Hask. (Ghamira), family Asteraceae
About 20gm whole plant with equal part of root bark of Holarrhena antidysenterica (Kurchi) crushed and made into sarbat and drink.
2. Moringa oleifera Lamk (Munaga) , family Moringaceae
Paste of fresh root is externally applied in the affected area and barks decoction is (25 ml) given orally.
3. Rauwolfia serpentina (L.) Kurra (Sarpagandha), family Apocynaceae
Spirl roots are crushed and made into a paste and applied on the bite part.
4. Tephrosia purpurea L. (Silpoka), family Fabaceaee
About 50gm massive root grinded with 5 gm of Piper longum (peepar) and made into a paste by adding 2 teaspoonful honey and divided into 2 equal doses. Both doses are given at the interval of one hour.
Results and Discussion
The herbs used in the treatment of scorpion stings and snake bites are easily available, common and cheaper. The method of preparation and mode of action is also simple and convenient. The tribal and non-tribal people below poverty line can afford the treatment and their personal faith and belief gave encouraging result in the treatment. The plants used by the layman against scorpion stings and snake bites have been found to possess remarkable properties. The present paper gives detailed information on 8 plant species as herbal remedies for scorpion sting and snake bites by the tribal and non-tribal people of the Malwa region. The data indicates great importance of indigenous knowledge in therapeutic uses. One of the plant species, Martynia annuna L., is an excellent remedy for scorpion sting. On the other hand, Rauwolfia serpentina (L.) Kurra and Tephrosia purpurea L, are excellent for the treatment of snake bites.
The author is thankful to the tribal and non-tribal people of Malwa region for their lucid discussion and comment pertinent to the subject and also for revealing their valuable information.
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