Ethnobotanical Leaflets 14: 687-93 , 2010.
Ethnomedicine Against Jaundice Used by Gond Tribes
of Adilabad District,
V. Madhu* �and �T.N. Swamy
Systematics Laboratory, Department of Botany,
Issued: 01 June 2010
investigation was performed in order to enumerate the medicinal plants
that gond tribes uses for the treatment of jaundice in Adilabad
Keywords: Ethnomedicine, Tribal, Gonds, Jaundice, Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh.
The Composition of population in the state of Andhra Pradesh exhibit
great diversity. Gonds are one of the major and largest tribe of Adilabad
district, and numerically predominant tribal group in
�������� �The present ethnomedicinal study has been carried
out in Adilabad district of Andhra Pradesh. It is situated between770
47/ and 800 0/ of the eastern longitudes and
180 40/ and 190 56/
of northern latitudes. The district is bounded on North by Yeotmal and Chanda
��������� �Field investigations were carried out in Adilabad district to study the species which are used to cure Jaundice by interviewing the gonds. The selected species were collected between June 2009 to December 2009 in their natural habitats in Adilabad district.Regular periodical field trips were undertaken to the tribal hamlets in Thmsi, Jainad, Bela, Narnoor, Indervelly, Gudihathnoor, Ichoda, Bazarathnoor, Neradigonda, Utnoor, Jainoor, Kerameri, Kuntala, and Bejjur mandals in the district. Information was collected directly from the medicinemen and other elder people of the gond tribes.
Enumeration of Ethnomedicinal Plants
1) Acalypha indica L.
����� �Family: EUPHORBIACEAE,
����� Vernacular Name: Muripinda
Mode of Administration: Leaves crushed with sugar candy and curd taken orally early in the morning for 3days.
2) Boerhavia diffusa L.
Syn: Boerhavia repens L.
Vernacular Name : Atika Mamidi
Mode of Administration: Whole plant extract mixed with sugar and curd and administered once early in the morning for 7days.
3) Celosia argentea L.
Vernacular Name: Gurugaku
��������Mode of Administration :Leaf extract in combination of leaves of Achyranthes
������mixed with sugar and curd and administered once in the morning for 3days.
4) Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.
Family : HYPOXIDACEAE,
Vernacular Name: Nela Tadi
Mode of Administration : Rhizome extract given with curd in 2 spoonfuls twice
������������ a day for about a week.
5) Cyperus rotundus L.
Vernacular Name: Tunga Gaddi
�������Mode of Administration :Tubers ground with triphal (Fruits of Terminalia
��������chebula, T.bellirica Emblica offcinalis) and the extract administered in 2
spoonfuls twice a day about 5 days.
6) Euphorbia hirta L.
Syn: Euphorbia pilulifera L.
Vernacular Name: Reddivari Nanubalu , Chukkabottala chettu.
����� Mode of Administration :Leaf extract in combination with leaf extract of
�������Phyllanthus amarus, sugar and curd is administered in 2 spoonfuls thrice a day
7) Oldenlandia croymbosa L.
Vernacular Name: Chiru veru
������Mode of Administration :Whole plant decoction given with a glass of buttermilk
�������in 3 spoonfuls twice a day for about 5days.
8) Phyllanthus amarus Schum. et Thonn
Syn: Phyllanthus niruri L.
Vernacular Name: Nela Usiri
������Mode of Administration Whole plant extract mixed with curd and given in
������2 spoonfuls twice a day for a week.
9) Portulaca oleracea L.
Vernacular Name: Pappu koora
������Mode of Administration : Whole plant dried and made into powder and
������administered in 2 spoonfuls early in the morning for about 15days.
10) Ricinus communis L.
Vernacular Name: Amudamu
Mode of Administration: Leaf paste administered in 1 spoonful with buttermilk early in the morning for 5-7days.
11) Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. f.et Thoms.
Syn: Menispermum cordifolium Willd.
Vernacular Name: Tippa teega
���� �Mode of Administration : Dry fruit powder mixed with honey and administered� ����
��������������� in 2 spoonfuls once in morning for 5 - 7days.
12) Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz
Vernacular Name: Jeguru
�������Mode of Administration: Stem bark ground with bark of Bauhinia racemosa
������and Oroxylum inidcum in and the poultice administered in 2 spoonfuls ��
����������������� banana fruit
twice a day for 5-7 days.
Results and Conclusion
���������� The present study revealed
that totally 12 plants belonging to 9 families and different
modes of treatment were followed to cure jaundice by the gond tribes
inhabiting in Adilabad district,
������������� The authors are grateful to the
tribal and rural herbalists of Adilabad district who whole heartily
co-operated in sharing their knowledge and in helping the collection of the
plant material for study. Our thanks also go to the University Grants
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