Ethnobotanical Leaflets 13: 1468-75, 2009.
Plants and Associated Traditional Knowledge of Jogimatti Forest, Chitradurga
1V.T. Hiremath * 2 T.C. Taranath�
1 Department of
Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany,
*Corresponding author,� Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
�Issued� 01 December, 2009
plains with chains of hills. General elevation of the district is between 500 m to 600 m above mean sea level. The forests of the division do not present a complex diversity either in their� distribution or in composition. The forests are being retrogressed to various stages of degradation because of biotic influences like excessive grazing, lopping for fodder and fuel and unregulated felling, unscientific collection of medicinal plants by the health healers.
����������� The present investigation is an
attempt to an ethnomedicinal plants survey was carried out in
Key words: Ethnomedicinal, Jogimatti forest, Chitradurga. Traditional knowledge.
����������� The value of medicinal plants to the mankind is very well proven. It is estimated that 70 to 80% of the people worldwide rely chiefly on traditional health care system and largely on herbal medicines [Farnsworth et al., 1985; Farnsworth and Soejarto, 1991; Pei Shengji, 2002; Shanley and Luz, 2003]. Nature has been a source of medicinal plants for thousands of year and an impressive number of modern drugs have been isolated from natural sources. Various medicinal plants have been used for years in daily life to treat disease all over the world. Higher plants as source of medicinal compounds have continued to play a dominant role in the maintenance of human health since ancient times [Farombi, 2003].� These plants are not only used for primary health care in rural areas in developing countries, but also in developed countries where modern medicines are predominantly used. Due to the side effects of modern allopathic drugs in the present days, people are attracted towards herbal medicines and their consumption. [Seth et al, 2004]. Several workers were reported the utility of plants for the treatment of various ailments [Goel and Bhattacharaya, 1981; Yaniv et al., 1987; Eddouks et al., 2002; Hebbar et.al., 2004 ; Katz et al., 2007; Leach, 2007].
����������� The study area Chitradurga is one of the central districts of Karnataka state with much racial and socio-cultural diversity. Bedas, Besthas, Gollas, Lambanis, Hakki-pikki are the tribals who are intimately associated with the Jogimatti forest. The forests are dry deciduous with undulating chain of hills. Agriculture is the mainstay of economy. Local traditional healers having practical knowledge of medicinal plants either for self-medication or for treating others were often visiting the Jogimatti forest of the district to collect plant species. A total of 30 health healers were identified between the ages of 40 and 80 for the survey.
�The present survey was conducted in villages
around the Jogimatti
����������� Standard methods were followed for
the collection of plant materials, mounting, preparation and preservation of
plant species. Voucher specimens were collected identified, by refering
standard flora (Hooker, 1884; Gamble 1936; Karnataka Flora by H J.
Saldhana(1984). All the preserved specimens were deposited in the department
����������� The results of the investigation are presented in Table.1, based on the plants and parts used for the treatment of various ailments. The present study comprises 50 plant species of ethno-botanical uses belonging to 34 families. For each plant species, botanical name, family, local name, part used, methods of preparation is provided. Among the plants used by the health healers, trees constitute [25 species], Shrubs , Herbs , Climbers  followed by the epiphytes with one species (Fig.2).� The top 05 plant families used in the treatment are Fabaceae, Mimosaceae, Caesalpinaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lamiaceae, followed by Combretaceae, Amaranthaceae, Papavaeraceae, Meliaceae, Bambucaceae etc. (Fig.1.)
����������� The ethnobotanical survey reveals that among the different plant parts used by the local health healers/tribals for the treatment of various ailments, leaves were most frequently used [18 plants], followed by seeds [13 plants], Fl/flower buds [09 plants], roots [08 plants], fruits[07 plants], entire plant [04 plants], and latex [03 plants] for the treatment of various ailments like eye problems, joint pains, paralysis, urinary infections etc., under single /multiple plant applications (Fig.3).� It is observed that majority of the formulations were multiple applications , when compared to single applications .
� ��������� The survey indicated that, the study area has magnificent plant diversity with plenty of medicinal plants to treat a wide spectrum of human ailments. It is evident from the interviews conducted in different villages; knowledge of medicinal plants is limited to traditional healers, herbalists who are living in rural areas and collecting the medicinal plants from the Jogimatti forest unscientifically. The investigation concluded that the unscientific collection of ethno-botanical plants from the Jogimatti forest poses greater pressure on the depeletion of diversity of the local region. Hence there is an urgent need to assess the biodiversity of the local forest, and conserve the biodiversity as well as the traditional knowledge by proper documentation and conservation strategies.
����������� The authors are greatfull to the
local traditional health healers in the district for sharing their knowledge
on herbal medicine. We also thank the Chitradurga Forest Department for
providing facilities to document the medicinal plants available in Jogimatti
forest. Authors also greatfully acknowledge the financial assistance given by
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