Ethnobotanical Leaflets 11: 1-5. 2007.
Plants Used in Ethnoveterinary
Practices by Koyas of Pakhal
Laboratory, Department of Botany,
& Ecology Division, National Remote Sensing Agency, Balanagar,
3Plant Taxonomy Division, Laila Impex Research Centre,
Corresponding author email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper deals with the 21
medicinal plant species used in ethnoveterinary
practices by Koya tribes inhabiting in the Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary,
Key words: Ethnoveterinary, Koyas, Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh.
Glimpses of our knowledge in
ethno-medicine are available through Vedic texts and commentaries. Yet there
is another less exploited source of information in uses which comes from
folklore passed on through generations in certain restricted and remote
habitations (Jain 1967). Sayeeduddin (1935)
recorded some important economic and medicinal plants of erstwhile
Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in
community in study area belongs to Koya scheduled
tribe. The koyas
are one of the few multi-lingual and multi-racial tribal communities living
Data on ethnoveterinary
medicine, collected through frequent interviews with Koya
herbal healers. The specimens of plants used in ethnoveterinary
practices were collected and kept at Kakatiya
Data on 21 ethnoveterinary medicinal plant species belonging to 18 families, arranged in alphabetic order of scientific names of the plants followed by family name (with in the paranthesis), vernacular names in telugu and ethnoveterinary uses.
1. Alangium salvifolium (L.f.) Wang. (Alangiaceae)
Uses: Root juice of 10 ml given orally for cattle in case of snake bite.
2. Azima tetracantha Lam. (Salvadoraceae)
N.V. Uppu chekka.
Uses: Roots grinded and given with rice soaked water for Knee pains.
3. Bauhinia racemosa Lam. (Caesalpiniaceae)
Uses: Leaf juice is applied over forehead to heal redness of eye.
4. Careya arborea Roxb. (Lecythidaceae)
Uses: Bark crushed with curd and administered orally for debility in cattle.
5. Casearia elliptica Willd. (Flacourtiaceae)
Uses: Bark extract is used for cattles and goats to control dysentery.
Uses: Wood ash mixed with coconut oil, is applied over cattle necks.
7. Cissus setosa Roxb. (Vitaceae)
N.V. Barrebatchali teega.
Uses: Leaves used for washing cattle and vessels.
8. Cissus qudrangularis L. (Vitaceae)
Uses: Succulent stem crushed with onion and mirch powder, given orally a 1 liter of extract for asthma.
9. Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels (Menispermaceae)
N.V. Dusary teega.
Uses: Leaves crushed with shugar administered with water to control blood motions.
10. Dillenia pentagyna Roxb. (Dilleniaceae)
Uses: Bark pounded with tubers of Pueraria tuberosa, later fermented with rice soaked water and administered half a liter per day as nervic tonic and anti helminthes.
Uses: Bark grinded with salt and applied over wounds.
12. Gardenia gummifera L.f. (Rubiaceae)
Uses: Bark paste is applied over the body to get relieve from pains.
13. Garuga pinnata Roxb. (Anacardiaceae)
N.V. Garugu chettu.
Uses: Bark fermented with water given with red onion and chilli powder for dysentery.
14. Gmelina arborea Roxb. (Verbenaceae)
N.V. Gummadi Teku.
Uses: Bark boiled with water applied on tumors.
15. Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr. (Anacardiaceae)
Uses: Crushed bark used as a bandage on wounds and cuts.
16. Plumbago zeylanica L. (Plumbaginaceae)
Uses: Root paste is applied on tumors and warts.
17. Pueraria tuberosa (Willd.) DC. (Papilionaceae)
Uses: Tubers grinded with Cissus quandrangularis, red onion and Ginger and fermented in water for three days later given with rice soaked water one liter per day for tuberculosis and motions.
18. Semecarpus anacardium L.f. (Anacardiaceae)
Uses: Young bark grinded with water and a juice of 250 ml is given orally, three times in a day.
19. Soymida febrifuga (Roxb.) A.Juss. (Meliaceae)
Uses: Bark crushed with water and administered for cough and dysentery.
20. Strychnos potatorum L.f. (Loganiaceae)
Uses: Seeds are used as nervic tonic and sexual stimulant.
21. Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. (Combretaceae)
Uses: Paste of bark applied on tumors and warts.
One of us (E.N.
Murthy) is thankful to the Head, Department of Botany,
Hemadri, K. 1990. Contribution to the
medicinal flora of Karimnagar and
Hemadri, K. 1994. Shastravettalanu
Akarshistunna Girijana Vaidyam (Tribal Pharmacopoia)
Tribal cultural Research and Training Institure,
Reddy, C.S. 2002. Floristic studies in
Reddy, C.S., Gopalakrishna,
P. & Raju, V.S. 2006. Phytotherapy
from Gonds of Warangal
Reddy, C.S., Nagesh, K., Reddy, K.N. & Raju, V.S. 2003. Plants used in Ethnoveterinary practice by Gonds of Karimnagar district, Andhra Pradesh. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 27:631-634.
Reddy, K.N., Bhanja, M.R. & Raju, V.S. 1999. Plants used in ethnoveterinary
Sayeeduddin, M.1935. Some of the common
flowering plants of the
Sathya Mohan. 2006. The Koya. The Peoples of The World Foundation. Retrieved