Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 103-107. 2008.
First Red List of Medicinal Plants of Andhra Pradesh, India - Conservation Assessment and Management Planning
K.N. Reddy1 and C. Sudhakar Reddy2
1Plant Taxonomy Division, Laila Impex
Research Centre, Jawahar Autonagar, Vijayawada - 520 007,
and Ecology Division, National Remote Sensing Agency, Balanagar, Hyderabad
Issued 26 February 2008
present article is based on the First Conservation Assessment and Management
Assessment and Management Planning (
ANDHRA PRADESH: STUDY
The State of Andhra Pradesh (The land of Telugu people) is situated in the middle of eastern half of the Indian Peninsula lying between 12o 41' – 19o 54' N latitudes and 76o 46' – 84o 45' E longitudes. It is bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, Tamil Nadu in the south, Karnataka in the west, and Maharashtra, Chattisgadh and Orissa in the north.
Administratively, Andhra Pradesh has 23 districts which were grouped into three zones: (1) Circars or Coastal Andhra with nine distrcts, i.e. East Godavari, Guntur, Krishna, Nellore, Prakasam, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam and West Godavari (2) Rayalaseema with four Ceded districts, i.e. Anantapur, Chittoor, Cuddapah and Kurnool (3) Telangana (Deccan or erstwhile Nizam's Dominions of Hyderabad State) with 10 districts, i.e. Adilabad, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahabubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy and Warangal.
Geographically, the State is categorized into three regions, namely: (1) the Coastal Plains (along the east coast, a low-lying area from from Srikakulam to Nellore) mainly of agricultural land, (2) the Eastern Ghats, forming a chain of discontinuous range of hills along the coast with good vegetation, and (3) the Deccan Plateau consisting of agricultural lands, scrub and deciduous forests, which cover part of Kurnool (excl. Nallamalais), Anantapur districts and the whole of Telangana.
The wide range of topography and other physical features of the State, provided by the hills rising from almost sea level to about 1500 m altitude, shaped the land to harbour rich and varied flora. In Andhra Pradesh, vegetation cover occupies 23.03% of the total geographical area of 275, 068 sq. km (Reddy et al. 2008). The forests in the State are broadly classified into Dry deciduous, Moist deciduous and Semi-evergreen types. Besides, there are mangroves, other subsidiary and serial types spread over limited areas (Reddy, 2007).
101 medicinal plants of conservation concern were identified with the help of
eminent botanists and field researchers of Andhra Pradesh and FRLHT,
Bangalore. On the advice of these experts, the list was short listed to 50
taxa as candidates for the
workshop deliberations involved preparation of data sheets for each selected
species. This was facilitated by the formation of 5 different working groups,
each consisting of eminent botanists from Andhra Pradesh as well as
Out of the 50 medicinal plants assessed during the workshop 12 are endemic to India and the remaining 38 are non-endemic. These 12 species are Boswellia ovalifoliolata, Butea monosperma var. lutea, Cycas beddomei, Decalepis hamiltonii, Hildegardia populfolia, Phyllanthus indofischeri, Pimpinella tirupatiensis, Pterocarpus santalinus, Shorea tumbuggaia, Syzygium alternifolium, Terminalia pallida and Urginea nagarjunae. Out of these Endemic species, three species namely, Boswellia ovalifoliolata, Cycas beddomei and Pimpinella tirupatiensis are entirely confined to Andhra Pradesh. Pterocarpus santalinus, Shorea tumbuggaia, Syzygium alternifolium, Terminalia pallida and Urginea nagarjunae are endemic to Eastern Ghats.The list of assessed medicinal plants incorporating their Red List status and estimated proportion (in Andhra Pradesh) of global presence are being appended. The table also incorporates information criteria, as per IUCN – 2000 (version 3.1), for assignment of Red List status to each taxon.
than 40 participants form 10 different Research Institutions like Botanical
Survey of India, Universities, Colleges and Forest Department participated in
this three day
be concluded that out of the 50 taxa, which were assessed during the
workshop, 39 fall into threatened group (Table 1). These have been further
assigned Red List status of Critically Endangered (4), Endangered (24) and
Vulnerable (11); highlighting the pressing need for urgent conservation
Table 1. Threat Status of Assessed (Red listed) Medicinal Plant Species.
Authors are thankful to Dr. S.N. Jadhav, Conservator of Forests, AP Forest Department for suggestions and encouragement. Authors are also grateful to Mr. G. Ganga Raju, Chairman and Mr. G. Rama Raju, Director, Laila Impex, Vijayawada and Prof. Vatsavaya S. Raju, Kakatiya University, Warangal for their keen interest towards conservation of biodiversity and continual support.
Reddy, C.S., Reddy, K.N. & Jadhav, S.N. (2001). Threatened Medicinal Plants of Andhra Pradesh. EPTRI. Hyderabad.
Jadhav, S.N., Ved, D.K., Ghate, U., Reddy, K.N. & Reddy, C.S. (2001). Proceedings of the workshop on Conservation Assessment and Management Planning for Medicinal Plants of Andhra Pradesh. FRLHT, Bangalore.
Reddy, C.S. (2007). Forest Types of Andhra Pradesh. Paryavaranam. EPTRI-ENVIS (SoE-AP) News letter: 1(1&2): 1-8.
Reddy, C.S., Pujar, G.S., Sudhakar, S., Shilpa, B., Sudha, K., Trivedi, S., Gharai, B. & Murthy, M.S.R. (2008). Mapping the Vegetation Types of Andhra Pradesh, India using Remote Sensing. Proc. A.P. Akademi of Sciences 12(1&2): 14-23.